Cheat River near Mount Nebo, WV

1997 Water-Year
Basic Fixed-Site Water-Quality Records
[drop]

--------

					     MONONGAHELA RIVER BASIN

                                      03070350 CHEAT RIVER NEAR MT. NEBO, WV
                                   (National Water-Quality Assessment station)

LOCATION.--Lat 39`35'40", long 79`44'56", Preston County, Hydrologic Unit 05020004, on left bank 150 ft
   upstream of Jenkintown Bridge, 800 ft upstream of Big Sandy Creek, 1.3 mi northeast of the town of Bull Run,
and 2.3 mi west southwest of Mt. Nebo, WV.

DRAINAGE AREA.--1,132 mi2.

                                             WATER-DISCHARGE RECORDS

PERIOD OF RECORD.--October 1996 to current year.

GAGE.--Water-stage recorder.  Elevation of gage is 960 ft above sea level, from topographic map.

REMARKS.--Records good except for estimated daily discharges, which are fair.  Several measurements of water
   temperature were made during the year.

PEAK DISCHARGES FOR CURRENT YEAR.--Peak discharges greater than a base discharge of 22,000 ft3/s and maximum (*):

                      Discharge    Gage height                                          Discharge    Gage height
 Date        Time      (ft3/s)        (ft)                         Date        Time      (ft3/s)        (ft)

Nov. 8      Unknown    Unknown       Unknown                      Mar. 2      Unknown    Unknown       Unknown
Dec. 2       1140      *33,500       *14.30

                 DISCHARGE, CUBIC FEET PER SECOND, WATER YEAR OCTOBER 1996 TO SEPTEMBER 1997
                                               DAILY MEAN VALUES

DAY       OCT      NOV      DEC      JAN      FEB      MAR      APR      MAY      JUN      JUL      AUG      SEP

  1      1950    e2400    10200    e2500     3360     3700     4680     3420     1900     e760      564      472
  2      1400    e2100    25900    e2200     2730   e25000     4260     2680     1770     e620      413      409
  3      1220    e1800    13300    e1900     2300   e20000     4030     2240     2550      704      331      365
  4      1080    e1600    e6000    e2000     2300   e19000     3610     2060     3520      653      517      331
  5       965    e1400    e4700    e1900     4910   e11000     3080     2420     3290      501     1130      293

  6       865    e1250     3800    e1800     6150    10500     2620     2230     2270      412      874      266
  7       788    e1100     3270    e1600     4520     8890     2240     1800     1690      357      681      249
  8       741    e8400     2890    e1400     3590     6160     1850     1560     1360      315      505      241
  9       761   e18000     2630    e1250     3010     4810     1540     2240     1170      288      378      282
 10      1090   e11000     2260    e1100     2470     4330     1350     1810     1030      405      307      915

 11      1480    e7000     2330     e960     2060     4680     1220     2660      901      337      254      878
 12      1310     4200     6770     e860     1750     3820     1150     4290      806      308      226      835
 13      1090     3450     9640     e760     1460     3090     1240     4780     1350      259      242      707
 14       983     2880     9370     e680     1380     2920     1330     4140     1640      233      380      554
 15      e820     2450     6290     e620     1580     3800     1290     3600     1450      208      353      453

 16      e740     2030     4600     e560     1960     3870     1130     3090     1060      197      336      370
 17      e700     1780     3670     e500     1840     3060     1180     2850      946      195     1090      320
 18      e620     1780     3010     e470     1630     2700     1420     2670      796      225     4820      296
 19     e1000     2750     2520     e440     2080     5490     1720     3000      793      185     2880      275
 20     e6400     3880     2080     e460     5520     9740     1880     5850      822      193     1700      282

 21     10200     3180     1410     e500     6390     6250     1820     5710      779      161     4660      371
 22     11500     2680     1250     e640     6200     4550     1770     4020      671      151     4620      589
 23      8230     2210     1480    e1200     5860     3560     1680     2990     e560      196     2670      572
 24     e5800     1860     2930    e2000     4110     2880     1540     2330     e480     1050     1580      446
 25      3660     1680     5580    e3000     3140     2410     1700     2670     e400     2370     1110      353

 26      3000     8800     4750     5650     2580     7030     1780    12700     e640     1510      877      300
 27      2600    14100     3560     4360     2310     8480     1800    10600     3170      874      714      264
 28     e3100     6890     3000     6420     2180     5350     2760     5620    e2600      614      841      267
 29     e4000     4630     2870     9690      ---     4210     5830     3740    e1250      679      688     5190
 30     e3400     3800     3220     5770      ---     3750     4420     2860     e850     1550      654     4690
 31     e2700      ---    e2800     4190      ---     3950      ---     2270      ---      888      550      ---

TOTAL   84193   131080   158080    67380    89370   208980    67920   114900    42514    17398    36945    21835
MEAN     2716     4369     5099     2174     3192     6741     2264     3706     1417      561     1192      728
MAX     11500    18000    25900     9690     6390    25000     5830    12700     3520     2370     4820     5190
MIN       620     1100     1250      440     1380     2410     1130     1560      400      151      226      241
CFSM     2.40     3.86     4.50     1.92     2.82     5.96     2.00     3.27     1.25      .50     1.05      .64
IN.      2.77     4.31     5.19     2.21     2.94     6.87     2.23     3.78     1.40      .57     1.21      .72

   e  Estimated.
                                             MONONGAHELA RIVER BASIN

                                03070350 CHEAT RIVER NEAR MT. NEBO, WV--Continued

STATISTICS OF MONTHLY MEAN DATA FOR WATER YEARS 1996 - 1997, BY WATER YEAR (WY)

          OCT      NOV      DEC      JAN      FEB      MAR      APR      MAY      JUN      JUL      AUG      SEP

MEAN     2716     4369     5099     2174     3192     6741     2264     3706     1417      561     1192      728
MAX      2716     4369     5099     2174     3192     6741     2264     3706     1417      561     1192      728
(WY)     1997     1997     1997     1997     1997     1997     1997     1997     1997     1997     1997     1997
MIN      2716     4369     5099     2174     3192     6741     2264     3706     1417      561     1192      728
(WY)     1997     1997     1997     1997     1997     1997     1997     1997     1997     1997     1997     1997

SUMMARY STATISTICS                            FOR 1997 WATER YEAR

ANNUAL TOTAL                                  1040595
ANNUAL MEAN                                      2851
HIGHEST DAILY MEAN                              25900      Dec  2
LOWEST DAILY MEAN                                 151      Jul 22
ANNUAL SEVEN-DAY MINIMUM                          187      Jul 17
INSTANTANEOUS PEAK FLOW                         33500      Dec  2
INSTANTANEOUS PEAK STAGE                           14.30   Dec  2
INSTANTANEOUS LOW FLOW                            136      Jul 22
ANNUAL RUNOFF (CFSM)                                2.52
ANNUAL RUNOFF (INCHES)                             34.20
10 PERCENT EXCEEDS                               6060
50 PERCENT EXCEEDS                               1860
90 PERCENT EXCEEDS                                355


                                             MONONGAHELA RIVER BASIN

                                03070350  CHEAT RIVER NEAR MT. NEBO, WV--Continued
                                   (National Water-Quality Assessment station)

                                              WATER-QUALITY RECORDS

PERIOD OF RECORD.--October 1996 to current year.

PERIOD OF DAILY RECORD.--
	SPECIFIC CONDUCTANCE:  June 1997 to September 1997.
	pH:  June 1997 to September 1997.
	WATER TEMPERATURE:  October 1996 to current year.

INSTRUMENTATION.--Daily record measured and collected at hourly intervals with in-situ probes and electronic data
	 loggers.

REMARKS.--All water-quality samples were collected and analyzed by the U.S. Geological Survey.  Interruptions
	 in the daily record were due to malfunctions of the equipment.  Additional sites in the (NAWQA) fixed-station
	 network are shown in figure 6 on page 28.  An explanation of selected abbreviations used in the water-
     quality tables are given on pages 29-31.

EXTREMES FOR CURRENT YEAR.--
	WATER TEMPERATURE:  Maximum, 30.5`C, June 18; minimum 0.0`C, on several days during winter periods.


                          WATER-QUALITY DATA, WATER YEAR OCTOBER 1996 TO SEPTEMBER 1997

                   DIS-              PH               BARO-
                  CHARGE,   SPE-     WATER             METRIC            HARD-  ACIDITY             MAGNE-
                   INST.    CIFIC    WHOLE             PRES-             NESS    TOTAL    CALCIUM    SIUM, SODIUM,
                   CUBIC    CON-     FIELD   TEMPER-    SURE   OXYGEN,   TOTAL   HEATED     DIS-     DIS-    DIS-
                    FEET    DUCT-   (STAND-   ATURE     (MM      DIS-    (MG/L   (MG/L     SOLVED   SOLVED SOLVED
 DATE      TIME     PER     ANCE      ARD     WATER      OF     SOLVED    AS     AS        (MG/L    (MG/L   (MG/L
                   SECOND  (µS/CM)   UNITS)  (DEG C)    HG)     (MG/L)   CACO3)  CACO3)    AS CA)   AS MG)  AS NA)
                  (00061)  (00095)  (00400)  (00010)  (00025)  (00300)  (00900)  (70508)  (00915)  (00925) (00930)

OCT
  15...    1415      910     119      6.7     15.0      735      9.1       44     5.4      13        2.9     1.4
NOV
  12...    1030     4380      86      7.0      5.0      746     12.4       31     7.0       9.3      2.0     1.0
DEC
  03...    1300    12100      67      7.0      6.0      732     12.0       24     6.0       7.0      1.6     0.80
JAN
  08...    1215     1570     123      6.5      4.0      742     12.9       42    11        12        2.9     1.6
FEB
  04...    1200     2380     105      6.6      4.0      743     11.5       37     --       11        2.4     1.3
MAR
  06...    1130    10300      80      6.6      7.0      732     11.9       28     8.6       8.1      1.9     1.2
APR
  07...    1145     2200     103      6.9     13.0      733     10.2       37     3.0      11        2.4     1.3
MAY
  12...    1245     6020      73      7.3     10.5      726     11.0       26     1.8       7.8      1.6     1.3
JUN
  03...    1500     3050      99      7.2     18.0      735      8.7       35     9.0      10        2.3     1.3
JUL
  02...    1240      608     154      7.1     26.0      730      7.3       57     3.0      16        4.1     1.7
AUG
  27...    1045      777     124      7.2     22.0      736      8.4       50     2.2      15        3.2     1.7
SEP
  15...    1300      450     175      7.3     20.0      740      8.8       70     2.0      20        4.9     2.1



                                             MONONGAHELA RIVER BASIN

                                03070350  CHEAT RIVER NEAR MT. NEBO, WV--Continued


                          WATER-QUALITY DATA, WATER YEAR OCTOBER 1996 TO SEPTEMBER 1997

                      ALKA-                                       SOLIDS,   NITRO-   NITRO-   NITRO-   NITRO-
             POTAS-  LINITY             CHLO-    FLUO-   SILICA,  RESIDUE    GEN,     GEN,     GEN,   GEN,AM-
              SIUM,  WAT DIS  SULFATE   RIDE,    RIDE,    DIS-    AT 180   NITRITE  NO2+NO3  AMMONIA  MONIA +
              DIS-   TOT IT    DIS-     DIS-      DIS-    SOLVED   DEG. C    DIS-     DIS-     DIS-   ORGANIC
             SOLVED   FIELD    SOLVED   SOLVED   SOLVED   (MG/L     DIS-    SOLVED   SOLVED   SOLVED   TOTAL
    DATE     (MG/L   MG/L AS   (MG/L    (MG/L    (MG/L     AS      SOLVED   (MG/L    (MG/L    (MG/L    (MG/L
             AS K)    CACO3   AS SO4)   AS CL)   AS F)    SIO2)    (MG/L)   AS N)    AS N)    AS N)    AS N)
            (00935)  (39086)  (00945)  (00940)  (00950)  (00955)  (70300)  (00613)  (00631)  (00608)  (00625)

OCT
  15...        0.90     7       35        1.5     <0.10    4.4      76      0.010    0.240    0.250     0.30
NOV
  12...        0.70    15       23        1.3     <0.10    4.6      51     <0.010    0.400    0.100    <0.20
DEC
  03...        0.60     7       15        1.2     <0.10    3.8      39      0.010    0.380    0.060    <0.20
JAN
  08...        0.70    12       36        1.9     <0.10    4.4      72      0.010    0.440    0.230     0.30
FEB
  04...        0.60     8       30        2.0     <0.10    3.9      52     <0.010    0.500    0.200     0.20
MAR
  06...        0.70     5       21        1.8     <0.10    3.9      53     <0.010    0.660    0.070    <0.20
APR
  07...        0.70    14       31        1.6     <0.10    3.9      63     <0.010    0.380    0.300     0.30
MAY
  12...        0.60     8       17        1.5     <0.10    4.1      47     <0.010    0.390    0.068    <0.20
JUN
  03...        0.62    11       25        1.7     <0.10    3.9      52     <0.010    0.300    0.272     0.25
JUL
  02...        0.95     5       52        1.7     <0.10    4.5     116     <0.010    0.308    0.317     0.42
AUG
  27...        0.83    11       37        1.8     <0.10    4.3      81     <0.010    0.329    0.064    <0.20
SEP
  15...        1.10    10       60        2.2     <0.10    4.2     108     <0.010    0.309    0.339     0.31



            NITRO-                     PHOS-                                       CARBON,             SED.
            GEN,AM-            PHOS-   PHORUS    ALUM-             MANGA-  CARBON,  ORGANIC             SUSP.
            MONIA +   PHOS-   PHORUS    ORTHO,   INUM,    IRON,    NESE,   ORGANIC   SUS-     SEDI-    SIEVE
            ORGANIC  PHORUS     DIS-    DIS-      DIS-     DIS-     DIS-    DIS-    PENDED    MENT,     DIAM.
             DIS.     TOTAL    SOLVED  SOLVED    SOLVED   SOLVED   SOLVED  SOLVED    TOTAL    SUS-    % FINER
    DATE     (MG/L    (MG/L    (MG/L   (MG/L     (µG/L    (µG/L    (µG/L    (MG/L    (MG/L    PENDED    THAN
             AS N)    AS P)    AS P)   AS P)     AS AL)   AS FE)   AS MN)   AS C)    AS C)    (MG/L)  .062 MM
            (00623)  (00665)  (00666)  (00671)  (01106)  (01046)  (01056)  (00681)  (00689)  (80154)  (70331)

OCT
  15...        0.30   <0.010   <0.010   <0.010    43      <3.0     130        0.90     0.90      5       80
NOV
  12...        0.20   <0.010   <0.010   <0.010    25     180        95        1.2      0.80      4       68
DEC
  03...       <0.20    0.040   <0.010   <0.010    80      73        69        2.2      1.5      24       68
JAN
  08...        0.30   <0.010   <0.010   <0.010    14     210       140        0.70     0.80      6       93
FEB
  04...        0.20   <0.010   <0.010   <0.010     --    130       120        1.9      0.40      6       67
MAR
  06...       <0.20   <0.010   <0.010   <0.010    36      90        94        1.5      0.70     10       73
APR
  07...        0.20   <0.010   <0.010   <0.010    26      31       110        1.0      0.40      6       82
MAY
  12...       <0.20   <0.010   <0.010   <0.010    60      45        60        1.5      0.50      5       27
JUN
  03...        0.27   <0.010   <0.010   <0.010    74      31        81        0.90     0.30      7       78
JUL
  02...        0.44   <0.010   <0.010   <0.010    75       8.4     252        1.4      0.40      5       60
AUG
  27...        0.21   <0.010   <0.010   <0.010     --     11       154        2.2      0.80      5       75
SEP
  15...        0.31   <0.010   <0.010   <0.010    73       5.0     238        2.3       --       9       83

                                             MONONGAHELA RIVER BASIN

                                03070350  CHEAT RIVER NEAR MT. NEBO, WV--Continued

REMARKS.--The following data are for dissolved trace elements in surface water filtered through a 0.45mm filter.


                          WATER-QUALITY DATA, WATER YEAR OCTOBER 1996 TO SEPTEMBER 1997

                               DIS-
                             CHARGE,                     BERYL-            CHRO-
                              INST.   ARSENIC  BARIUM,   LIUM,   CADMIUM   MIUM,   COBALT,  COPPER,
                              CUBIC     DIS-    DIS-     DIS-      DIS-    DIS-     DIS-     DIS-
                               FEET    SOLVED  SOLVED    SOLVED   SOLVED   SOLVED  SOLVED    SOLVED
            DATE      TIME     PER     (µG/L    (µG/L    (µG/L    (µG/L    (µG/L    (µG/L    (µG/L
                              SECOND   AS AS)   AS BA)   AS BE)   AS CD)   AS CR)   AS CO)   AS CU)
                             (00061)  (01000)  (01005)  (01010)  (01025)  (01030)  (01035)  (01040)

        MAY
          12...       1245     6020     <1       26       <1.0     <1.0     <1.0      2.1     <1.0
        SEP
          15...       1300     450      <1       40       <1.0     <1.0     <1.0      7.0      1.3



                              MOLYB-                              ANTI-    SELE-   URANIUM
                     LEAD,    DENUM,  NICKEL,  SILVER,   ZINC,    MONY,    NIUM,   NATURAL
                      DIS-     DIS-    DIS-      DIS-     DIS-     DIS-     DIS-     DIS-
                     SOLVED   SOLVED   SOLVED   SOLVED   SOLVED   SOLVED   SOLVED   SOLVED
            DATE     (µG/L    (µG/L    (µG/L    (µG/L    (µG/L    (µG/L    (µG/L    (µG/L
                     AS PB)   AS MO)   AS NI)   AS AG)   AS ZN)   AS SB)   AS SE)   AS U)
                    (01049)  (01060)  (01065)  (01075)  (01090)  (01095)  (01145)  (22703)

        MAY
          12...       <1.0     <1.0      3.6     <1.0      6.8     <1.0        <1    <1.0
        SEP
          15...       <1.0     <1.0     12       <1.0     26       <1.0        <1    <1.0


                                             MONONGAHELA RIVER BASIN

                                03070350 CHEAT RIVER NEAR MT. NEBO, WV--Continued

REMARKS.--The following data are for trace elements and other constituents that were part of the suspended-
	sediment fraction of the water sample.  Suspended sediments were dewatered using a continuous flow centrifuge,
	dried, and analyzed directly for total metals using a nitric, hydrofluoric, perchloric acid digestion.  Whole
	water contributions by the suspended sediment were then calculated using the suspended-sediment concentration
	in kilograms per liter (kg/L) and the analyte concentration in milligrams per kilogram (µg/kg) from the direct
	analysis of the suspended sediments, resulting in micrograms per gram (µg/g) concentrations.  Values reported
	in percent are the percent of that constituent in the suspended sediment.  Dashed lines (--) indicate no data
	available due to an insufficient amount of sediment in the sample.  When no trace element was detected in the
	sample, the default reporting value is the method detection limit preceded by a less-than sign (<).


                          WATER-QUALITY DATA, WATER YEAR OCTOBER 1996 TO SEPTEMBER 1997

                         DIS-    SEDI-
                       CHARGE,   MENT
                        INST.    SUSP.,            AN-                       BERYL-                     CARBON,
                        CUBIC    FLOW-   ALUM-    TIMONY   ARSENIC  BARIUM    LIUM    CADMIUM  CARBON   ORGANIC
                         FEET   THROUGH  INUM      SED.     SED.     SED.     SED.     SED.     SED.      SUS-
      DATE      TIME     PER    CENTRIF  SED,SUS   SUSP.    SUSP.    SUSP.    SUSP.    SUSP.   SUSP.     PENDED
                        SECOND  (MG/L)   PERCENT  (mG/G)   (mG/G)   (mG/G)   (mG/G)   (mG/G)   PERCENT  PERCENT
                       (00061)  (50279)  (30221)  (29816)  (29818)  (29820)  (29822)  (29826)  (30244)  (50465)

  MAY
    12...       1245    6020       7       7.5       8       13       460       9       2.5       8.2      9.0
  SEP
    15...       1300     450       2      12         1       14       190      43       3.4        --      --



                    CHRO-   COBALT             IRON             LITHIUM   MAN-             MOLYB-
                    MIUM     SEDI-   COPPER    SEDI-    LEAD     SEDI-   GANESE   MERCURY   DENUM   NICKEL
                    SED.     MENT     SED.     MENT     SED.     MENT     SED.     SED.     SED.     SED.
           DATE     SUSP.    SUSP.    SUSP.    SUSP.    SUSP.    SUSP.    SUSP.    SUSP.    SUSP.    SUSP.
                   (mG/G)   (mG/G)   (mG/G)   PERCENT  (mG/G)   (mG/G)   (mG/G)   (mG/G)   (mG/G)   (mG/G)
                   (29829)  (35031)  (29832)  (30269)  (29836)  (35050)  (29839)  (29841)  (29843)  (29845)

       MAY
         12...       93       160      100      6.7      50       48      4300      .10       <25      140
       SEP
         15...       62       110      120     12        34       32      1900      .08       <10      190



                    PHOS-                      STRON-                     TITA-
                   PHORUS    SELE-             TIUM     SULFUR            NIUM    URANIUM   VANA-
                    SEDI-    NIUM    SILVER    SEDI-    SEDI-    THAL-    SEDI-    SEDI-    DIUM     ZINC
                    MENT     SED.     SED.     MENT     MENT     LIUM     MENT     MENT     SED.     SED.
           DATE     SUSP.    SUSP.    SUSP.    SUSP.    SUSP.   SUS SED   SUSP.    SUSP.    SUSP.    SUSP.
                   PERCENT  (mG/G)   (mG/G)   (mG/G)   PERCENT   (mG/G)  PERCENT  (mG/G)   (mG/G)   (mG/G)
                   (30292)  (29847)  (29850)  (35040)  (30308)  (49955)  (30317)  (35046)  (29853)  (29855)

       MAY
         12...       810       2       <3       110       .60    <250      .35     <250      86      1400
       SEP
         15...       790       2       <1        67       --     <100      .14     <100      43      1800






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