Stonycreek River at Ferndale, PA

1997 Water-Year
Basic Fixed-Site Water-Quality Records
[drop]

--------
                                             KISKIMINETAS RIVER BASIN

                                    03040000  STONYCREEK RIVER AT FERNDALE, PA
                                   (National water-quality assessment station)

LOCATION.--Lat 40`17'08", long 78`55'15", Cambria County, Hydrologic unit 05010007, on right bank 50 ft upstream
   from highway bridge at Ferndale, 0.4 mi downstream from Bens Creek, 1.2 mi upstream from Johnstown city limits,
   and 5.2 mi upstream from confluence with Little Conemaugh River.

DRAINAGE AREA.--451 mi2.

                                             WATER-DISCHARGE RECORDS

PERIOD OF RECORD.--October 1913 to March 1936, October 1938 to current year.  Monthly discharge only for some
   periods, published in WSP 1305.  Monthly figures adjusted for storage and diversion for October 1918 to
   September 1921, published in WSP 503, 523, have been found in error and should not be used.  Published as "at
   Johnstown" 1914-36, and as "Stony Creek at Ferndale" 1938-79.  Gage-height records collected in this vicinity
   since 1885 are contained in reports of U.S. Weather Bureau.

REVISED RECORDS.--WSP 743:   Drainage area.  WSP 1305:   1915, 1918, 1923-26.  WSP 1435:   1920-21, 1932,
   1941 (M), 1943 (M), 1945-46 (M).  WDR PA-78-3:   1977 (M).  See also PERIOD OF RECORD.

GAGE.--Water-stage recorder.  Datum of gage is 1,184.06 ft above sea level.  Prior to Mar. 19, 1936, nonrecording
   gage at site 3.5 mi downstream at different datum.  Dec. 8, 1938 to Jan. 30, 1940, nonrecording gage at site
   50 ft downstream at present datum.

REMARKS.--Records good except for estimated daily discharges, which are fair.  Regulation by mine pumpage and
   reservoirs and diversion above station; the four largest reservoirs have a combined capacity of 42,360 acre-ft.
   Figures of daily discharge do not include diversion from Stonycreek River and Quemahoning Creek Reservoir to
   plants of Bethlehem Steel Co., and from Mill Creek, Dalton Run, and North Fork Bens Creek Reservoirs for water
   supply of city of Johnstown.  Several measurements of water temperature were made during the year.  U.S. Army
   Corps of Engineers satellite telemeter at station.

                  DISCHARGE, CUBIC FEET PER SECOND, WATER YEAR OCTOBER 1996 TO SEPTEMBER 1997
                                               DAILY MEAN VALUES

DAY       OCT      NOV      DEC      JAN      FEB      MAR      APR      MAY      JUN      JUL      AUG      SEP

  1       837      516     2220      770      637     1170     1090      337     1640      250       93      236
  2       737      470     4500      737      658     2500      934      290     4070      291       91      232
  3      e700      426     2670      731      724     2550      830      307    e3300      245       87      227
  4      e660      393     1930      748      837    e1900      771      346    e2900      211       88      222
  5      e620      369     1540      749     2050    e2400      729      331    e2300      190      104      220

  6      e580      349    e1400      705     1760     3540      684      322    e1800      176      109      217
  7      e560      345    e1200      597     1200     2630      626      335    e1400      171      102      216
  8      e540     2220    e1050      510     1000     2060      542      318    e1050      160       90      216
  9      e520     3950     e960      512      838     1760      508      385     e900      163       93      217
 10      e570     2550     e840      542      721     1870      480      555     e800      303       86      222

 11       489     1770    e1100      453     e600     1680      459      619      674      290       85      271
 12       437     1330     2860      401     e520     1410      461      558      611      280      182      263
 13       409     1080     3700      359     e470     1190      573      497     1110      275      326      234
 14       397      933     2880      357     e440     1630      503      479     1110      276      180      221
 15       384      805     2050      337     e420     1990      412      472      746      275      152      216

 16       369      706     1610     e310     e400     1460      368      404      597      277      141      183
 17       326      641     1380     e290     e370     1220      365      370      550      272      182       86
 18       257      623     1190     e270     e400     1130      401      360      503      260      434       96
 19      1720      630     1050     e250    e1100     1300      384     1400      558      276      291       80
 20      3090      577      890     e250    e3000     1180      363     1510      493      270      411      221

 21      2070      515      749     e240     3010     1030      332     1120     e370      239      578      250
 22      1900      469      713     e230     3470      927      314      835     e330      119      418      242
 23      1770      434      721     e300     2550      824      306      677     e300      144      339      237
 24      1420      407      876     e430     1890      748      302      583      291      186      298      264
 25      1140      394      972     e400     1490      703      285     5230      268      174      281      267

 26       950      642      758     e380     1270     2750      262     9490      265      137      279      265
 27       837      745      703     e350     1240     2310      248     3550      264      121      265      262
 28       842      546      738     e800     1220     1580      381     2160      237      127      304      304
 29       836      477      868     1010      ---     1350      410     1660      221      121      265     1270
 30       721      501     1100      773      ---     1220      352     1490      213      105      250      599
 31       598      ---      896      636      ---     1180      ---     1340      ---       98      244      ---

TOTAL   27286    25813    46114    15427    34285    51192    14675    38330    29871     6482     6848     8056
MEAN      880      860     1488      498     1224     1651      489     1236      996      209      221      269
MAX      3090     3950     4500     1010     3470     3540     1090     9490     4070      303      578     1270
MIN       257      345      703      230      370      703      248      290      213       98       85       80
CFSM     1.95     1.91     3.30     1.10     2.71     3.66     1.08     2.74     2.21      .46      .49      .60
IN.      2.25     2.13     3.80     1.27     2.83     4.22     1.21     3.16     2.46      .53      .56      .66

    e  Estimated.
                                             KISKIMINETAS RIVER BASIN

                              03040000  STONYCREEK RIVER AT FERNDALE, PA--Continued

STATISTICS OF MONTHLY MEAN DATA FOR WATER YEARS 1939 - 1997, BY WATER YEAR (WY)

          OCT      NOV      DEC      JAN      FEB      MAR      APR      MAY      JUN      JUL      AUG      SEP

MEAN      246      405      687      769     1034     1621     1345      832      499      265      180      191
MAX      1514     2099     2162     1929     2575     3581     3426     1792     1773      874     1098     1449
(WY)     1977     1986     1973     1952     1986     1994     1993     1978     1972     1977     1979     1996
MIN      13.6     20.4     48.4      137      262      367      336      186     77.4     28.4     26.3     18.9
(WY)     1964     1954     1954     1977     1963     1990     1946     1941     1965     1965     1957     1943

SUMMARY STATISTICS           FOR 1996 CALENDAR YEAR        FOR 1997 WATER YEAR           WATER YEARS 1939 - 1997

ANNUAL TOTAL                      442298                     304379
ANNUAL MEAN                         1208                        834                        673
HIGHEST ANNUAL MEAN                                                                       1044              1996
LOWEST ANNUAL MEAN                                                                         280              1954
HIGHEST DAILY MEAN                e15200     Jan 19            9490     May 26           15900       Jun 23 1972
LOWEST DAILY MEAN                    120     Sep  3              80     Sep 19              11       Sep 26 1959
ANNUAL SEVEN-DAY MINIMUM             142     Aug 30              95     Jul 30              12       Oct  5 1963
INSTANTANEOUS PEAK FLOW                                       17100     May 25          a59000       Mar 18 1936
INSTANTANEOUS PEAK STAGE                                         11.96  May 25             b30.26    Mar 18 1936
INSTANTANEOUS LOW FLOW                                           76     Sep 19,20           c5.0     Sep  8 1929
ANNUAL RUNOFF (CFSM)                   2.68                       1.85                       1.49
ANNUAL RUNOFF (INCHES)                36.48                      25.11                      20.28
10 PERCENT EXCEEDS                  2590                       1900                       1600
50 PERCENT EXCEEDS                   796                        515                        330
90 PERCENT EXCEEDS                   280                        212                         57

   a  From rating curve extended above 13,000 ft3/s on the basis of slope-area and contracted-opening measurement
         of peak flow.
   b  From highwater mark, site and datum then in use.
   c  Minimum observed.
   e  Estimated.
                                             KISKIMINETAS RIVER BASIN

                              03040000  STONYCREEK RIVER AT FERNDALE, PA--Continued
                                   (National Water-Quality Assessment station)

                                              WATER-QUALITY RECORDS

PERIOD OF RECORD.--October 1975 to September 1981, September 1992 to May 1994, April 1996 to current year.

PERIOD OF DAILY RECORD.--
  SPECIFIC CONDUCTANCE:  July 1997 to September 1997.
  pH:  July 1997 to September 1997.
  WATER TEMPERATURE:  January 1978 to September 1979, November 1996 to current year.
  SUSPENDED SEDIMENT DISCHARGE:  February 1977 to September 1979.

INSTRUMENTATION.--From January 1978 to September 1979, water temperatures were once daily readings by an observer
    and suspended sediment samples were collected daily and more often during storm events by an observer.  From
    November 1996 to current year, daily records of water temperature, specific conductance and pH were measured
    and collected at hourly intervals with in-situ probes and electronic data loggers.

REMARKS.--All water-quality samples were collected and analyzed by the U.S. Geological Survey except those
    furnished tby the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Resources as noted.  Interruptions in the daily
    record were due to frozen river conditions or malfunctions of the equipment.  Additional sites in the (NAWQA)
    fixed-station network are shown in figure 6 on page 28.  An explanation of selected abbreviations used in the
    water-quality tables are given on pages 29-31.

EXTREMES FOR PERIOD OF DAILY RECORD.--
  WATER TEMPERATURES:  Maximum, 27.5`C, July 3, 1997; minimum, 0.0`C, many days during winter period.
  SEDIMENT CONCENTRATIONS:  Maximum daily, 2,800 µg/L, June 17, 1978; minimum daily, 2 µg/L,
   September 9, 10, 11, 1978.
  SEDIMENT DISCHARGES:  Maximum daily, 20,900 tons, March 5, 1979; minimum daily, 0.44 ton,
   September 10, 11, 1978

EXTREMES FOR CURRENT YEAR.--
  WATER TEMPERATURES:  Maximum, 27.5`C, June 25, July 3 and 29, 1997; minimum, 0.0`C, on many days during winter
     periods.


                          WATER-QUALITY DATA, WATER YEAR OCTOBER 1996 TO SEPTEMBER 1997

                    DIS-              PH               BARO-
                  CHARGE,   SPE-     WATER             METRIC            HARD-   ACIDITY            MAGNE-
                   INST.    CIFIC    WHOLE             PRES-             NESS    TOTAL    CALCIUM    SIUM, SODIUM,
                   CUBIC    CON-     FIELD   TEMPER-    SURE   OXYGEN,   TOTAL   HEATED    DIS-      DIS-   DIS-
                    FEET    DUCT-   (STAND-   ATURE     (MM      DIS-    (MG/L   (MG/L     SOLVED   SOLVED SOLVED
 DATE      TIME     PER     ANCE      ARD     WATER      OF     SOLVED    AS     AS        (MG/L    (MG/L   (MG/L
                   SECOND  (µS/CM)   UNITS)  (DEG C)    HG)     (MG/L)   CACO3)  CACO3)    AS CA)   AS MG)  AS NA)
                  (00061)  (00095)  (00400)  (00010)  (00025)  (00300)  (00900)  (70508)  (00915)  (00925) (00930)

OCT
  22...    1030   2000       277      6.9      9.5      725     10.6       94      4.0      23        8.8     7.1
NOV
  18...    1000    631       393      6.3      5.0      729     11.6      150     13        38       13      10
DEC
  11...    1100    822       387      6.4      4.0      722     12.8      140      8.4      33       13      13
JAN
  16...    1015    420       485      6.0      0.5      716     14.3      170     16        42       17       9.3
FEB
  19...    1045    940       450      6.6      3.5      729     12.6      150      9.6      38       14      22
MAR
  24...    1200    743       378      6.3      5.0      742     12.8      150     12        36       14      11
APR
  14...    1100    501       443      6.4      7.0      730     11.6      170     11        41       17      13
MAY
  15...    1015    496       441      6.8     11.0      719     10.4      170      6.0      43       16      14
  26...    0930   9980       187      7.1     13.0      727     10.5       64      3.2      17        5.4     5.6
JUN
  10...    1030    774       355      6.8     14.5      733      9.3      140      4.0      34       13       7.9
JUL
  01...    1145    191       657      6.1     21.0      727      8.7      290     10        72       26      12
AUG
  06...    1045    100       988      5.9     20.0      730      9.7      450      7.6     120       40      26
SEP
  03...    1225    208       612      7.1     20.0      729     10.6      240      3.8      64       21      18
  17...    1315     66       598      6.5     20.0      730      9.5      260      6.8      66       24      12


                                             KISKIMINETAS RIVER BASIN

                              03040000  STONYCREEK RIVER AT FERNDALE, PA--Continued


                         WATER-QUALITY DATA, WATER YEAR OCTOBER 1996 TO SEPTEMBER 1997

                       ALKA-                                       SOLIDS,   NITRO-   NITRO-   NITRO-   NITRO-
              POTAS-  LINITY             CHLO-    FLUO-   SILICA,  RESIDUE    GEN,     GEN,     GEN,   GEN,AM-
               SIUM,  WAT DIS  SULFATE   RIDE,    RIDE,    DIS-    AT 180   NITRITE  NO2+NO3  AMMONIA  MONIA +
               DIS-   TOT IT    DIS-     DIS-      DIS-    SOLVED   DEG. C    DIS-     DIS-     DIS-   ORGANIC
              SOLVED   FIELD    SOLVED   SOLVED   SOLVED   (MG/L     DIS-    SOLVED   SOLVED   SOLVED   TOTAL
     DATE     (MG/L   MG/L AS   (MG/L    (MG/L    (MG/L     AS      SOLVED   (MG/L    (MG/L    (MG/L    (MG/L
              AS K)    CACO3   AS SO4)   AS CL)   AS F)    SIO2)    (MG/L)   AS N)    AS N)    AS N)    AS N)
             (00935)  (39086)  (00945)  (00940)  (00950)  (00955)  (70300)  (00613)  (00631)  (00608)  (00625)

 OCT
   22...        1.9      8       98        7.6    <0.10     5.6      174     0.020    0.610    0.070     0.30
 NOV
   18...        1.5      6      150        7.3     0.10     6.8      239    <0.010    0.680    0.150     0.30
 DEC
   11...        1.5      7      130       21       0.10     6.4      236     0.020    0.820    0.210     0.30
 JAN
   16...        1.5      4      190       12      <0.10     6.6      298    <0.010    0.610    0.110     0.30
 FEB
   19...        1.8     14      140       34       0.10     5.8      277     0.010    0.920    0.150     0.40
 MAR
   24...        1.4     17      140       12      <0.10     5.9      261    <0.010    0.810    0.130     0.20
 APR
   14...        1.7      6      180       13       0.12     6.0      297    <0.010    0.460    0.180     0.20
 MAY
   15...        1.7      8      170       12       0.10     5.4      289    <0.010    0.579    0.244     0.29
   26...        1.5      9       50        8.5    <0.10     4.7       96    <0.010    1.00     0.087     0.49
 JUN
   10...        1.5      6      140        7.9    <0.10     6.0      225    <0.010    0.592    0.102     0.24
 JUL
   01...        2.0      4      290        9.6     0.17     8.0      480    <0.010    0.377    0.218     0.29
 AUG
   06...        2.7      2      480       13       0.17     8.2      797     0.021    0.574    0.421     0.64
 SEP
   03...        2.3     10      240       13       0.13     5.2      405     0.019    0.893    0.137     0.24
   17...        2.4      5      260       13       0.18     7.1      419    <0.010    0.730    0.389     0.54



              NITRO-                     PHOS-                                       CARBON,             SED.
             GEN,AM-            PHOS-   PHORUS    ALUM-             MANGA-  CARBON,  ORGANIC             SUSP.
             MONIA +   PHOS-   PHORUS    ORTHO,   INUM,    IRON,    NESE,   ORGANIC   SUS-     SEDI-    SIEVE
             ORGANIC  PHORUS     DIS-    DIS-      DIS-     DIS-     DIS-    DIS-    PENDED    MENT,     DIAM.
              DIS.     TOTAL    SOLVED  SOLVED    SOLVED   SOLVED   SOLVED  SOLVED    TOTAL    SUS-    % FINER
     DATE     (MG/L    (MG/L    (MG/L   (MG/L     (µG/L    (µG/L    (µG/L    (MG/L    (MG/L    PENDED    THAN
              AS N)    AS P)    AS P)   AS P)     AS AL)   AS FE)   AS MN)   AS C)    AS C)    (MG/L)  .062 MM
             (00623)  (00665)  (00666)  (00671)  (01106)  (01046)  (01056)  (00681)  (00689)  (80154)  (70331)

 OCT
   22...       <0.20    0.040    0.010   <0.010    19       230     650        1.8      2.0      12       72
 NOV
   18...        0.20    0.010   <0.010   <0.010    40       990    1100        1.2      0.70     12       98
 DEC
   11...        0.20    0.020   <0.010   <0.010    27       740    1100        1.1      0.90      6       90
 JAN
   16...       <0.20    0.020   <0.010   <0.010   164      1000    1400        0.80     1.4      29       42
 FEB
   19...       <0.20    0.050   <0.010   <0.010    16       440     960        1.1      0.70     22       77
 MAR
   24...       <0.20    0.030   <0.010   <0.010    29       600     900        0.90     0.30     11       46
 APR
   14...       <0.20   <0.010   <0.010   <0.010    27       480    1070        1.1      0.70     10       51
 MAY
   15...        0.31   <0.010   <0.010   <0.010    21       310     928        1.0      0.90      8       66
   26...        0.23    0.073   <0.010   <0.010    58        59     310        2.9      --       63       73
 JUN
   10...       <0.20   <0.010   <0.010   <0.010    19       290     713        1.1      0.80      5       87
 JUL
   01...        0.29   <0.010   <0.010   <0.010    54       290    1470        1.1      0.30      4       71
 AUG
   06...        0.48    0.011   <0.010   <0.010   168       210    1830        1.1      0.40      4       29
 SEP
   03...        0.34   <0.010    0.018   <0.010    42        83     948        1.2      0.30      4       61
   17...        0.38    0.017   <0.010   <0.010    23       570     886        --       --        3       83

                                                KISKIMINETAS BASIN

                              03040000  STONYCREEK RIVER AT FERNDALE, PA--Continued

REMARKS.--The following data are for dissolved trace elements in surface water filtered through a 0.45mm filter.


                          WATER-QUALITY DATA, WATER YEAR OCTOBER 1996 TO SEPTEMBER 1997

                               DIS-
                             CHARGE,                     BERYL-            CHRO-
                              INST.   ARSENIC  BARIUM,   LIUM,   CADMIUM   MIUM,   COBALT,  COPPER,
                              CUBIC     DIS-    DIS-     DIS-      DIS-    DIS-     DIS-     DIS-
                               FEET    SOLVED  SOLVED    SOLVED   SOLVED   SOLVED  SOLVED    SOLVED
            DATE      TIME     PER     (µG/L    (µG/L    (µG/L    (µG/L    (µG/L    (µG/L    (µG/L
                              SECOND   AS AS)   AS BA)   AS BE)   AS CD)   AS CR)   AS CO)   AS CU)
                             (00061)  (01000)  (01005)  (01010)  (01025)  (01030)  (01035)  (01040)

        MAY
          15...       1015    496       <1       35       <1.0     <1.0     <1.0     25       <1.0
        SEP
          17...       1315     66       <1       36       <1.0     <1.0     <1.0     53        4.2



                              MOLYB-                              ANTI-    SELE-   URANIUM
                     LEAD,    DENUM,  NICKEL,  SILVER,   ZINC,    MONY,    NIUM,   NATURAL
                      DIS-     DIS-    DIS-      DIS-     DIS-     DIS-     DIS-     DIS-
                     SOLVED   SOLVED   SOLVED   SOLVED   SOLVED   SOLVED   SOLVED   SOLVED
            DATE     (µG/L    (µG/L    (µG/L    (µG/L    (µG/L    (µG/L    (µG/L    (µG/L
                     AS PB)   AS MO)   AS NI)   AS AG)   AS ZN)   AS SB)   AS SE)   AS U)
                    (01049)  (01060)  (01065)  (01075)  (01090)  (01095)  (01145)  (22703)

        MAY
          15...       <1.0     <1.0     41      <1.0      76       <1.0      <1     <1.0
        SEP
          17...       <1.0     <1.0     79      <1.0     184       <1.0      <1     <1.0

                                             KISKIMINETAS RIVER BASIN

                               03040000 STONYCREEK RIVER AT FERNDALE, PA--Continued

REMARKS.--The following data are for trace elements and other constituents that were part of the suspended-
  sediment fraction of the water sample.  Suspended sediments were dewatered using a continuous flow centrifuge,
  dried, and analyzed directly for total metals using a nitric, hydrofluoric, perchloric acid digestion.  Whole
  water contributions by the suspended sediment were then calculated using the suspended-sediment concentration
  in kilograms per liter (kg/L) and the analyte concentration in milligrams per kilogram (µg/kg) from the direct
  analysis of the suspended sediments, resulting in micrograms per gram (µg/g) concentrations.  Values reported
  in percent are the percent of that constituent in the suspended sediment.   When no trace element was detected
  in the sample, the default reporting value is the method detection limit preceded by a less-than sign (<).


                          WATER-QUALITY DATA, WATER YEAR OCTOBER 1996 TO SEPTEMBER 1997

                         DIS-    SEDI-
                       CHARGE,   MENT
                        INST.    SUSP.,            AN-                       BERYL-                     CARBON,
                        CUBIC    FLOW-   ALUM-    TIMONY   ARSENIC  BARIUM    LIUM    CADMIUM  CARBON   ORGANIC
                         FEET   THROUGH  INUM      SED.     SED.     SED.     SED.     SED.     SED.      SUS-
      DATE      TIME     PER    CENTRIF  SED,SUS   SUSP.    SUSP.    SUSP.    SUSP.    SUSP.   SUSP.     PENDED
                        SECOND  (MG/L)   PERCENT  (mG/G)   (mG/G)   (mG/G)   (mG/G)   (mG/G)   PERCENT  PERCENT
                       (00061)  (50279)  (30221)  (29816)  (29818)  (29820)  (29822)  (29826)  (30244)  (50465)

  MAY
    15...       1015     496      10       8.8       1        6       150      27       1.6       7.0      7.0
  SEP
    17...       1315      66      10      11         1        6        69      41       0.6       4.9      5.0



                    CHRO-   COBALT             IRON             LITHIUM   MAN-             MOLYB-
                    MIUM     SEDI-   COPPER    SEDI-    LEAD     SEDI-   GANESE   MERCURY   DENUM   NICKEL
                    SED.     MENT     SED.     MENT     SED.     MENT     SED.     SED.     SED.     SED.
           DATE     SUSP.    SUSP.    SUSP.    SUSP.    SUSP.    SUSP.    SUSP.    SUSP.    SUSP.    SUSP.
                   (mG/G)   (mG/G)   (mG/G)   PERCENT  (mG/G)   (mG/G)   (mG/G)   (mG/G)   (mG/G)   (mG/G)
                   (29829)  (35031)  (29832)  (30269)  (29836)  (35050)  (29839)  (29841)  (29843)  (29845)

       MAY
         15...       53       120      130      9.1      31       22      2800      .12       <25      150
       SEP
         17...       21        47      170     10        25       24      1300      .06         5       84



                    PHOS-                      STRON-                     TITA-
                   PHORUS    SELE-             TIUM     SULFUR            NIUM    URANIUM   VANA-
                    SEDI-    NIUM    SILVER    SEDI-    SEDI-    THAL-    SEDI-    SEDI-    DIUM     ZINC
                    MENT     SED.     SED.     MENT     MENT     LIUM     MENT     MENT     SED.     SED.
           DATE     SUSP.    SUSP.    SUSP.    SUSP.    SUSP.   SUS SED   SUSP.    SUSP.    SUSP.    SUSP.
                   PERCENT  (mG/G)   (mG/G)   (mG/G)   PERCENT   (mG/G)  PERCENT  (mG/G)   (mG/G)   (mG/G)
                   (30292)  (29847)  (29850)  (35040)  (30308)  (49955)  (30317)  (35046)  (29853)  (29855)

       MAY
         15...      2900       2       <3       120      4.7     <250     .090     <250      28      1100
       SEP
         17...      2800       2       <1       120      6.1      <50     .040      <50       8       760





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